South America Living

Peru Fast Facts & Figures

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Lima Skyline, Miraflores and San Isidro districts.

Full name: Republic of Peru
President-elect: Alan García (elected June, 2006)
Ruling Party: American Popular Revolutionary Alliance (Apra)

  • Population: 29.2 million (UN, 2009)
  • Capital: Lima
  • Area: 1.28 million sq km (496,225 sq miles)
  • Location:South America´s Central Pacific coast, bordering Bolivia, Brazil & Chile to the east and south, Colombia & Ecuador to the north
  • Major language: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 76 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 nuevo sol = 100 centimos
  • Imports partners: U.S. (primary), China, Brazil & Chile
  • Main exports: Copper, gold, zinc, textiles, sugar & fishmeal
  • GNI per capita: US $3,990 (World Bank, 2008)
  • Neighbouring countries: Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Chile & Brazil
  • Geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 76 00 W
  • Internet domain: .pe
  • International dialling code: +51
  • Time zone: Standard Time is UTC – 5 (does NOT use daylight saving time)
  • Electricity: 220V/60htz

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